image Article: Analyzing the Turkish-Iranian Relations from the Copenhagen School’s Point of View  

Rahmat Hajimineh

Abstract 

Among numerous discussions on the paradigmatic change in Turkish foreign policy towards Iran over the recent years, the Copenhagen School and the concepts of securitization and desecuritization can provide the best explanation about the two states’ relations. In this respect, the author maintains that over the recent years, Turkish-Iranian relations have been formed based on desecuritization of domestic and foreign issues. Turkey’s internal problems had extensively influenced Turkish foreign policy towards Iran in the past, since Turkish policy makers tried to attribute the threats of the Kurds and Islamists to foreign factors. However, in the first decade of the twenty-first century, this strategy was phased out within the framework of the desecuritization process, both internally and externally. The desecuritization in Turkey is a consequence of the process of the country’s accession to the EU and the Justice and Development Party's rise to power, in 2002. Desecuritization has been the dominant trend in the two states’ relations before the Arab Revolutions. However, after the Arab Revolutions, particularly following the Syrian crisis, there has been a possibility to move from desecuritization to securitization.

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