This article reviews Iran-Turkey relations in the light of the recent developments in the Arab world. The authors will try to apply the realism and constructivism theories and put emphasis on the material elements on the one hand and identity on the other hand to analyze Iran-Turkey relations at national, regional and international levels. The realism theory underlines the impact of the material and objective elements of power such as the military and economic power in line with the national interests on the behavior of the players, while the constructivism theory holds that the main beliefs, norms and expectations formed on the basis of the common values and identity will influence the external behavior of the players. In the end, the authors will conclude that the characteristics and the depth of Iran-Turkey relations are in a way that the crises in the Arab world including the Syrian crisis will not force neither of them to sacrifice their long term relations to their short term interests. In order to preserve their regional positions, Iran and Turkey need to have cooperation and interaction with each other.
Discourse: An Iranian Quarterly,Vol. 10, Nos. 3-4, Summer-Fall 2012.
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