What are the ideological and social origins of the Turkish Islamist parties? To what extent are these political parties, interpreters of the conflicts and gaps in Turkish society? The author argues that the nature of the Turkish Islamist parties has its origin in the type and form of the Islamic belief in the said parties which in turn is a derivation of the Sufi creeds. The emergence of the Turkish Islamist parties and their rise to power is a reaction to the rejection of the Turkish Islamic heritage, imperative modernist of the Kemalist system and the inefficiency of the Turkish secular governments. The model used in this article is that of the historical sociology of political parties developed by the Norwegian theoretician, Stein Rokkan. Accordingly, this article tries to review the role played by the Turkish social conflicts in the emergence of the Islamist parties in their rise to power. What this article is trying to find is the social ancestry of the Turkish Islamist parties, the role of social conflicts and gaps in the emergence and development of the Islamist parties including the AKP’s rise to political power.
Discourse: An Iranian Quarterly,Vol. 10, Nos. 3-4, Summer-Fall 2012.
The entire article can be downloaded below: