This article investigates the impact of economic development considerations on Turkey’s foreign policy. The author maintains that the last century’s various orientations in Turkey’s foreignpolicy, including Westernization, regionalism, and peaceful coexistence, have been influenced by economic development drives of the Turkish government. This is more evident particularly during the rule of the Justice and Development Party (AKP). One of the outcomes of this article is that during the periods of the export promotion strategy, the tendency toward peace and active peaceful interactions is highlighted in Turkey’s foreign policy. This article is in line with the economic liberalism theory amid international relations, according to it, the economic development incentive of states leads to a pacifist foreign policy, limiting the strict national security policy concerns. Accordingly, the higher the number of states that go through this process, the more the international peace and security could be fostered. Thus, it could be concluded that the active and peaceful foreign policy of the current Turkey’s administration is somehow the outcome of the intense economic development concerns (relying on export promotion strategy) in the AKP.
Discourse: An Iranian Quarterly,Vol. 10, Nos. 3-4, Summer-Fall 2012.
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